Canada is a federation of 10 provinces and three territories. Under the Canadian Constitution, provincial governments have exclusive responsibility for all levels of education. There is no ministry or department of education at the federal level. Canada's three territories ¡ª Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut ¡ª do not have the same constitutional status as the provinces and are subject, in many areas, to more direct control by the federal government. With respect to education, however, the federal government has delegated this responsibility to the territorial governments, which, in turn, cooperate with the provinces to deliver postsecondary programs.
You will find the names of the ministries/departments and respective ministers responsible for education in the provinces and territories of Canada listed below. For more information on the 13 education systems, consult the Provinces and Territories of Canada section.